Formula of Debtors Turnover Ratio:
Debtors Turnover Ratio = Net Credit Sales / Average Trade Debtors
The two basic components of accounts receivable turnover ratio are net credit annual sales and average trade debtors. The trade debtors for the purpose of this ratio include the amount of Trade Debtors & Bills Receivables. The average receivables are found by adding the opening receivables and closing balance of receivables and dividing the total by two. It should be noted that provision for bad and doubtful debts should not be deducted since this may give an impression that some amount of receivables has been collected. But when the information about opening and closing balances of trade debtors and credit sales is not available, then the debtors turnover ratio can be calculated by dividing the total sales by the balance of debtors (inclusive of bills receivables) given. and formula can be written as follows.
Debtors Turnover Ratio = Total Sales / Debtors
Average debtor balance
average debtors balance (between 2 years) = Debtors balance / 2